February 1998 Bulletin

How to narrow your literature search

Using "adj" can refine the number of retrieved items

Conducting electronic searches of the medical literature is fast becoming a basic skills for orthopaedic surgeons. By incorporating the following tip into your search commands, you will be able to use Personal Librarian, the search engine on all Academy Electronic Orthopaedic Library discs, to quickly find/locate relevant information.

Hereís one tip: To narrow your search, use standard Boolean logic operators between search terms. The default Boolean operator settings (found at the top of the search window under the top line menu under Perfs/Searching) include "and", "or", and "adj" (for adjacent).

A search on the Orthopaedic Knowledge Update (OKU) 1-5 disc for radial head fracture" retrieves 130 results when the default operator is "and". This means the Personal Librarian found 130 records in which all three of the words "radial", "head", and "fracture" appear, but not necessarily as an exact phrase.

By changing the search operators in the top line menu under Perfs/Searching to "adj" or by adding "adj" to your search statement (radial ADJ head ADJ fracture) you limit your search to only those instances when those three words are adjacent. The result is you narrow your results to 15 items. To further refine your search, consider using more than one operator.

Source: Digital News, January 1998, a newsletter published by the Academyís department of electronic media and evaluation.


Itís midnight and youíre working on a Word document when you run into something you donít know how to do. Who are you going to call? For these times, itís a good idea to be familiar with Wordís internal help file.

To get help as you work, you can turn on Wordís Tip Wizard. (The Tip Wizard button has a light bulb on it.) With the Tip Wizard on you have a backseat driver (or an expert counselor), giving you ideas about other ways to do your work.

You can get on-screen assistance in Word by selecting the Help menu at the far right of the menu bar. You can select an Index of topics. For on-screen tutorials on how to use Word, choose Examples and Demos. For an overview of what is new to this version of getting started with Word or for a demonstration of tips for WordPerfect users, choose Quick Preview from the Help menu. For on-screen help for WordPerfect users, choose WordPerfect Help from the Help menu. To print copies of help screens, choose Print Topic from the File menu of Word Help and the active screen will print.

You can find documents about Word at:

Source: AAOS Computer Boot Camp syllabus, January 1998.


The Committee on Electronic Media Education will present three new Instructional Course Lectures on personal computing at the Annual Meeting in the Morial Convention Center. The two-hour instructional courses are:


Need something from the library? You can access the New York Library and University of California. The Library of Congress can also be accessed. Youíll also find the Computer Education discussion group on the Academy home page. How about some federal statistics? The U.S. Census Bureau is at http://www.census.gov/.

Computer Link welcomes suggestions about future topics for the column and questions about the use of computers in orthopaedic practice. Send your suggestions to the Bulletin at AAOS, 6300 N. River Rd., Rosemont, Ill. 60018.

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